Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are diseases involving the reproductive tract as well as systemic infections that are derived from unsafe sexual intercourse. Sexually transmitted diseases consist of a lot of diseases, which may have similar symptoms.

Common STD’s include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital Herpes or HSV
  • Human Papilloma Virus infection or Genital warts
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Mycoplasma
  • Ureaplasma
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Candidiasis
  • Non-specific Urethritis

The most common STDs include Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea, with the incidence of Chlamydia thrice that of gonorrhea. Sexually transmitted diseases usually affect the reproductive tract including Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, trichomoniasis and candidiasis, although other STDs may also be systemic such as HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, syphilis, mycloplasma, ureaplasma, and urethritis. Sexually transmitted diseases are high among individuals who are sexually active and have multiple sexual partners. Homosexual acts also increase the risk for acquiring STD because of parasexual activities such as anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms including bacteria, virus, and fungi with virus causing more severe forms of STD such as HIV/AIDS.

Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The symptoms of STD depend on the type of STD the person has. However, certain signs and symptoms are similar such as signs of infection which include fever and body malaise, presence of purulent vaginal or anal discharges, presence of lesions around the vulva or penile area and sometimes pain, tingling and burning sensation around the lesions. Since STDs are very vague and often resemble each other, STD testing is required to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.

STD Testing

Testing for STD requires series of tests to determine the causative microorganisms. STD tests include physical examinations, smearing of discharges, urine testing and blood tests. There are varied STD tests depending on the STD to be determined. Some patients who have a high risk for STD usually undergo full STD screens, which allow ruling out all possible STDs. Some patients only undergo a specific test such as testing for Hepatitis or gonorrhea only.

If you’re worried or think you may have contracted an STD please contact Better2Know on the number provided at the top of the page to book your confidential appointment for an STD Test today.

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