A study of 40,000 of women aged 14 to 95 in Denmark, has looked at Low Risk Human Papilloma Virus, and (HPV) virus types. The HPV has many different types. Types 16 and 18 can cause Cervical Cancer (with over 70% of Cervical Cancer in the UK as a result of this virus). These are all High Risk (HR) HPVs. Types 6 and 11 can cause Genital Warts. These are Low Risk (LR) HPVs.
In the study: 2,790 women (6.9%) tested positive for LR-HPV types, with HPV6 and HPV70 being the most common. However HPV11 was uncommon. The youngest age group (under 19 years of age) was the most likely to test positive.
The LR-HPV prevalence was 6.3% in women with normal smear test. 33.1% in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. (ASCUS). 19.6% in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. 12.7% in those with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion.
When considering women with LR-HPV alone, the prevalence was 2.0% (normal cytology), 11.3% (ASCUS), 2.6% (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) and 0.7% in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, respectively.
A similar pattern was observed in relation to the histological diagnoses with the majority of LR-HPV infections detected in CIN1 lesions (24.7%).
The study concluded that LR-HPV types alone are relatively common in ASCUS, whereas LR-HPV types without coexisting high-risk HPV types are virtually never detected in severe cervical lesions.
At Better2Know, we offer both HPV tests and PAP smears women. Both can be done with an internal swab. HPV can also be done on any external spot, blemish or suspected wart.
If you have an HPV test only, it is recommended that you wait 3 months before having a PAP Smear. This means that if any HR HPV is detected in your HPV test, you would have to wait 3 months before finding out whether they are pre-cancerous.
You can have both tests at the same time which is available to women worried about their HPV and cervical cancer status.
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