Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a group of diseases that affect the reproductive organs and blood, which are transmitted through sexual contacts. Sexually transmitted diseases are varied and include the following:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Herpes (Herpes simplex virus type 2)
  • Genital warts or Human Papilloma Virus infection
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Ureaplasma
  • Mycoplasma
  • Candidiasis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Non-specific Urethritis

Recognising STD Symptoms

STD symptoms vary according to the type of infection an individual has. The most common symptom of STDs is the presence of discharges from the vagina in females or urethra in males. However, this may not be applicable for blood-borne diseases such as HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis. Signs of infection such as fever and body malaise may also be experienced. The most common STD is Chlamydia and symptoms may be similar to that of gonorrhea. Since symptoms usually are similar to STDs in the reproductive tract, STD tests should be done to ascertain the diagnosis.

STD tests

STD testing is usually done through the collection of urine or blood samples. Some STD clinics collect swabs from the vagina, cervix, anus or urethra. This is usually subjected to laboratory testing. Some STD clinics also offer a Full STD screen to detect all forms of sexually transmitted disease. STD test for individual diseases may also be done according to the need or preference of the patient.

Detection of STD also varies according to the type of STD. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can be detected after a week of exposure while HIV/AIDS may be detected after months of exposure to be more reliable.

Test results are available after 3 days for some simple laboratory testing, but some may take longer. Patients considering STD testing should also inquire about the confidentiality of data.

Most STD clinics ensure confidentiality by not divulging any results or information to third parties. Personal appearances are also not needed in private STD clinics because specimen may be collected at home and sent to the clinic for testing through mail postage. Home kits are also available for STD testing.

If you’re worried about any sexually transmitted disease, please  contact Better2Know on the number listed above to book your confidential appointment for an STD Test today.

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