Millions of people have been stricken with and killed by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) over the past centuries. In more recent data, studies have shown that STD cases and deaths have shown no signs of slowing down, being a cause of alarm for many worldwide health authorities. Furthermore, in developing nations, such as those in Africa, South America, and some parts of Asia, STDs continue to be a pressing problem. Death rates caused by STDs in these regions are high because of limited access to medical aid, as well as the locals’ lack of awareness on STDs.
The two biggest STD concerns that afflict millions across the globe are HIV and AIDS. HIV is defined as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and when the infection progresses in the body, it develops into a serious disease known as AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It has been estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that more than 25 million people have died from HIV or AIDS since the virus was isolated by scientists in 1981. At present, there are approximately 33 million people with AIDS or HIV worldwide. What is even more alarming is that every year, there are newly infected individuals, and more than half of those are from the ages 25 and below group.
STD symptoms, particularly those of HIV, can be similar to other conditions. Medical sources say that on the initial stage of infection, it is very difficult to diagnose whether a patient has HIV or not, just by looking at the symptoms, which can range from fatigue, headaches, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and the like. The best way to be truly sure if someone has HIV is to take an HIV test. There are HIV tests in London that can help determine the level of infection, and hopefully indicate if the disease can be treated at that stage. However, it is important to note that HIV testing can be done only after a certain incubation period upon infection, which can be anywhere from three to six months. Within this range, the virus may not be easily detected by tests.
If you are unsure whether or not you have acquired an STD, or may have HIV or AIDS, the smartest thing to do is to consult a health practitioner. Rest assured that your medical professional will treat your issue with utmost discretion. In line with the prevention of STDs, health centers greatly encourage the practice of safe sex, as well as to take STD tests whenever possible.