Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) may be acquired through various modes. Whether it is through direct sexual contact from different partners, transferred via blood, or through non-sterile surgical and medical equipment, anyone is at risk of getting such a disease. One of the best ways of preventing STDs is to make well-informed choices with regards to sexual practices, and to undergo STD testing to be sure of one’s condition.
There are different categories into which STDs can be classified. Depending on the agent that brings about the infection, STDs may be bacterial, fungal, viral, or even parasitic in nature. Mentioned here are some common bacterial STDs, as well as the STD symptoms and possible forms of treatment available.
Chlamydia is a disease that is brought about by the bacterial strain Chlamydia trachomatis. It can be acquired through sexual contact, or transferred from an infected pregnant woman to her child. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that every year, nearly 100 million new cases of Chlamydia are reported, with the prevalence among men and women almost equal. Symptoms may be an abnormal discharge from the vagina or the penis, pain during sex or while urination, or some symptoms may not be present at all. After a clinical examination and diagnosis, patients with Chlamydia may be treated with antibiotics.
Another known bacterial STD that is fairly common in most parts of the globe is gonorrhoea. It is caused by the strain of bacterium called Neisseria gonorrheae, and may be transferred through vaginal sex, anal sex, and possibly through oral sex. The WHO estimates that more than 60 million men and women acquire gonorrhoea every year. Symptoms may be similar to Chlamydia, wherein pain is experienced during urination, among others. And more often, men show these signs earlier than women. If gonorrhoea is left untreated in women, it can lead to a more serious condition known as PID or pelvic inflammatory disease. This disease may be diagnosed through a pelvic examination, or through laboratory tests of urethral and vaginal samples from patients. Like Chlamydia, antibiotic treatments in tablet and injection form may help treat gonorrhoea.
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are among the most common bacterial STDs in the world. According to medical reports, these are prevalent in developing nations, particularly because of the lack of medical information and the unavailability of treatment resources. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have these STDs, consult with a medical professional right away.
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