There are many different types of tests available to detect Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). The most likely is a physical examination. The nurse will check your genitalia, or other body parts which may have been infected, for signs of infection.
For genital warts, the signs of infection are visible warts on the cervix, vulva or vaginal wall. This can also be diagnosed through biopsy. Treatments include cryotherapy (freezing), electrocautery (heating), creams or liquids.
A urine test or a swab sample from the urethra should diagnose Chlamydia, of which there are often no visible symptoms. Treatment is by antibiotics which should clear the infection if the course is completed.
Similarly, detection of gonorrhea is via a cell sample from cervix, urethra, rectum or throat. Treatment is also a full course of antibiotics.
The diagnosis of syphilis will be made using a urine sample, blood sample, cell sample of infected area or physical examination. Antibiotics, in tablet or injection form, are used to treat it.
Trichomoniasis is diagnosed through a physical examination when a cell sample is taken or it can be detected through a routine smear test. Treatment is via antibiotics.
HIV testing is done through a sample of blood being examined for HIV antibodies. If these antibodies are detected then the result is HIV positive. A second test should be carried out in order to confirm this result. There is no cure for HIV but drug treatments will be prescribed including antiretroviral drugs which prolong life and inhibit AIDS development.
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